Year of Award


Document Type


Degree Type

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Other Degree Name/Area of Focus

Developmental Psychology

Department or School/College

Department of Psychology

Committee Chair

Tom Seekins

Commitee Members

Donna B. Bainbridge, Greg Machek, Duncan Campbell, Wendy Shields


University of Montana


The purpose of this study was to develop a measure of secondary conditions, explore the reliability and validity of the measure, and explore the relationship between secondary conditions and participation among adolescents with disabilities. This research collected ratings of limitation due to secondary conditions, and ratings of participation for 24 adolescents with Intellectual/Developmental Disability. Data show that the participants experience an average of 11 secondary conditions during a three-month period as reported by families. The inter-rater agreement between parents and Family Support Specialists was .73 on a point-by-point comparison, and .85 when comparing whether or not limitation was a concern. Data collected from the participation measure demonstrated that participants in this sample participate in an average of 23 activities in a four-month period as reported by families. Data showed no statistically significant correlation between secondary condition limitation and participation in this sample.


© Copyright 2008 Marie Middleton