Year of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Anthropology (Forensic Anthropology Option)
Department or School/College
Department of Anthropology
Kelly J. Dixon
Randall R. Skelton, Hipólito Rafael Chacón
Cognitive Archaeology, Donner Party, Historical Archaeology, History, Slate, Writing Slate
University of Montana
Archaeological investigations into the whereabouts of the Alder Creek Donner family campsite yielded a number of artifacts. One type of artifact collected was writing slate fragments, the topic of this thesis. Why were writing slate fragments found at the Alder Creek camp? An investigation into writing slate in the historical record had to be conducted to address this question. The lack of pertinent research associated with writing slate posed a major obstacle, as it has been disregarded as a diagnostic artifact in historical archaeological literature. This paper addresses this problem by a history of writing slate and its uses, as well as including a discussion of precursors to writing slate, to provide a context for materials recovered from the Alder Creek site. It was first thought that writing slate was only used in the context of education, as might have provided a means of keeping the children busy during the Donner Party’s snowbound experience. However, this research indicates that a number of other activities can be associated with writing slate; including messages and notes, record keeping and accounting, gaming and gambling. The writing slate recovered from the Donner family camp is analyzed here using the results of the historical overview of this material and a cognitive archaeological approach.
Swords, Molly Elizabeth, "A Clean Slate: The Archaeology of the Donner Party's Writing Slate Fragments" (2008). Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers. 26.
© Copyright 2008 Molly Elizabeth Swords