Year of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Department or School/College
Department of Geography
Eric Edlund, Sam Cushman, Susan Rinehart, Ulrich Kamp
CCA, climate change, environmental gradients, GIS, gradient analysis, landscape trajectories, NMDS, ordination statistics, Paleobiogeography, pollen analysis, statistics, trajectory analysis, vegetation change
University of Montana
The goal of this study was to quantitatively analyze and map the vegetation composition of forest, grassland, and steppe ecosystems in the northwestern United States in the present and through the last 9,000 years. The modern analysis used canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) on pollen percentages from recent sediment cores reflecting modern vegetation assemblages and climates to evaluate the amount of influence of selected environmental variables on present species distributions. The fossil analysis used non-metric multi-dimensional scaling (NMDS) on a merged database containing relative pollen percentages from the last 9000 years. A predefined list of environmental parameters and floristically and ecologically important pollen percentages were used to measure the dissimilarity between modern and fossil pollen regimes over the region at specific time periods. The numeric values obtained from both statistical analyses were interpolated and mapped via Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to display major vegetation types throughout the northwestern United States through time, allowing visual assessment of changing environmental gradients.
Stump, Christopher Caleb, "SPATIO-TEMPORAL DYNAMICS OF BIOMES IN THE NORTHWESTERN UNITED STATES (9000 YBP TO THE PRESENT)" (2009). Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers. 907.
© Copyright 2009 Christopher Caleb Stump