Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 2015

First Page






Source Publication Abbreviation

J. Energy. & Envtl. L


This Article examines how well federal agencies and local governments are collaborating in land use planning, with a particular focus on the West.26 Part I provides a brief overview of local government planning as well as the overarching National Environmental Policy Act (“NEPA”)27 requirements that apply to federal planning. Part II offers a comparative summary of the varied planning approaches across federal agencies, with a particular focus on the role that local governments can play in agency planning.28 Based on case studies and interviews with federal and local officials, Part III then recommends how to improve federal-local planning efforts so that both federal and local land use planning can be more robust and effective across the landscape. The Article concludes that, while there is an increased awareness of the linkages between federal and local land use planning, and limited examples of emerging collaboration, there is significant room for improvement before we see truly integrated, large landscape planning in the West.