Source Publication Abbreviation
Wash. & Lee L. Rev.
This Note analyzes state allocation in light of these differing approaches. The constitutional analysis of Part II begins with a discussion of Takings Clause issues presented by the former "appropriation" approach. This section suggests some flaws in that approach and some reasons why courts might mistakenly adopt it. Part II then examines the criminal law protections embodied in the Excessive Fines and Double Jeopardy Clauses and evoked by the latter "civil penalty" approach. Next, Part III argues for specific statutory adoption of the civil penalty approach and discusses the practice and policy issues that that approach presents. Finally, an Appendix cites and summarizes each state allocation statute.
Kirgis, Paul F., "The Constitutionality of State Allocation of Punitive Damage Awards" (1993). Faculty Law Review Articles. 128.