Simulating the effects of climatic variation on stem carbon accumulation of a ponderosa pine stand: comparison with the annual growth increment data
Simulation models of ecosystem processes may be necessary to separate the long-term effects of climate change on forest productivity from the effects of year-to-year variations in climate. The objective of this study was to compare simulated annual stem growth with measured annual stem growth from 1930 to 1982 for a uniform stand of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl.) in Montana, USA. The model, FOREST-BGC, was used to simulate growth assuming leaf area index (LAI) was either constant or increasing. The measured stem annual growth increased exponentially over time; the differences between the simulated and measured stem carbon accumulations were not large. Growth trends were removed from both the measured and simulated annual increments of stem carbon to enhance the year-to-year variations in growth resulting from climate. The detrended increments from the increasing LAI simulation fit the detrended increments of the stand data over time with an R2 of 0.47; the R2 increased to 0.65 when the previous year’s simulated detrended increment was included with the current year’s simulated increment to account for autocorrelation. Stepwise multiple linear regression of the detrended increments of the stand data versus monthly meteorological variables had an R2 of 0.37, and the R2 increased to 0.47 when the previous year’s meteorological data were included to account for autocorrelation. Thus, FOREST-BGC was more sensitive to the effects of year-to-year climate variation on annual stem growth than were multiple linear regression models.
© 1991 Oxford University Press
E. R. Hunt, Jr., F. C. Martin, S. W. Running; Simulating the effects of climatic variation on stem carbon accumulation of a ponderosa pine stand: comparison with annual growth increment data. Tree Physiology 1991; 9 (1-2): 161-171. doi: 10.1093/treephys/9.1-2.161