Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Title

The 10th MMV Conference: Managing outdoor recreation experiences in the Anthropocene – Resources, markets, innovations


Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU)

Publication Date



The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically impacted park visitation around the globe. In an effort to un-derstand the factors influencing these changes, nu-merous attempts have been made to use big data to monitor changes in park use (e.g., Venter et al., 2020). Google's Community Mobility Reports repre-sent a dataset with significant potential in this re-gard. Released in April 2020, these reports were gen-erated on the hypothesis that "aggregated, anony-mized data could be helpful [to] make critical deci-sions to combat COVID-19" (Fitzpatrick & DeSalvo, 2020, para. 1). The heading on the reports' website asks browsers to "see how your community is mov-ing around differently due to COVID-19" (Google 2020b). The data released through the reports are generated from "aggregated, anonymized sets of data from [Google] users who have turned on the Lo-cation History setting, which is off by default" (Google 2020b).


Visitor management, outdoor recreation, protected areas, nature based tourism


The International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors to Recreational and Protected Areas was hosted from Lillehammer, Norway, 16th – 19th August 2021.


© 2021 Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU)