Amanda Anderson

Case Summary Citation

588 F.3d 701 (9th Cir. 2009)


The Ninth Circuit affirmed the decision to grant summary judgment to the Fish and Wildlife Service, upholding MMPA and NEPA regulations. The court found the Service did not violate MMPA or NEPA in authorizing a period for oil and gas operators to apply to conduct non-lethal takes of polar bears and Pacific walrus. The Service was not required to address the possibility that climate change, in addition to the non-lethal takes, may put additional stress on polar bear populations.

Included in

Law Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.