Case Summary Citation
FMC Corp. v. Shoshone-Bannock Tribes, 942 F.3d 916 (9th Cir. 2019)
In 1998, FMC Corporation agreed to submit to the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes’ permitting processes, including the payment of fees, for clean-up work required as part of consent decree negotiations with the Environmental Protection Agency. Then, in 2002, FMC refused to pay the Tribes under a permitting agreement entered into by both parties, even though the company continued to store hazardous waste on land within the Shoshone-Bannock Fort Hall Reservation in Idaho. FMC challenged the Tribes’ authority to enforce the $1.5 million permitting fees first in tribal court and later challenged the Tribes’ authority to exercise civil regulatory and adjudicatory jurisdiction over the non-Indian corporation in federal court. FMC Corp. v. Shoshone-Bannock Tribes demonstrates the complexities and fraught nature of tribal civil jurisdiction.
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