Case Summary Citation
McGirt v. Oklahoma, 140 S. Ct. 2452 (2020)
The United States Supreme Court ruled that large areas of Oklahoma, including much of the City of Tulsa, are reservation land. The case arose from an Oklahoma state court’s conviction of Jimcy McGirt on several criminal offenses. Mr. McGirt argued the State of Oklahoma lacked jurisdiction to prosecute because he was an enrolled member of the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma and committed his crimes on the Creek Reservation. Under the Major Crimes Act, only the federal government has the power to try tribal members for crimes committed on reservation lands. In a five to four decision, the Court held that Congress never disestablished the Creek Reservation, and therefore, Oklahoma had no jurisdiction over Mr. McGirt.
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