Case Summary Citation

Indigenous Envtl. Network v. U.S. Dep’t of State, F. Supp. 3d 561, 570 (D. Mont. 2018).


Pipelines are an extremely efficient way to move large amounts of oil and gas across long distances. However, pipelines have become a lightning rod for environmentalists opposing the lines’ construction and the energy sector which considers the lines a must to achieve energy independence and security. Pipelines are massive projects often crossing interstate and international boundaries. As a result, they are subject to an extensive amount of government regulation with an accompanying assortment of legal challenges. Indigenous Environmental Network v. United States Department of State is the latest case in the Keystone XL pipeline saga, wherein the United States District Court for the District of Montana found several procedural insufficiencies with the Department’s actions in approving the pipeline.



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